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head blackjack stringing instructions Franke Guadalupe County Extension Agent 210 East Live Oak St.
Seguin, TX 78155 830-303-3889 F: 830-372-3940 Got a Gardening Question?
If you have a question to be answered, call the Master Gardeners at 830-379-1972 or leave a message to be answered.
Questions can also be e-mailed to guadalupecountymastergardeners yahoo.
We are in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 8a minimum low temperatures of 10 � 15 degrees Fwith mostly soil types of Blackland Prairie, Claypan and Postoak Savannah.
We have average annual rainfall of 34 inches and usually a hot, dry summer.
Gardening results in other areas may vary!
I would really like more Martha Gonzales roses around my house.
A1: Young stems can be rooted anytime during the growing season.
Woody stems are best rooted during the fall and winter.
I put a stem of the rose in a vase a few weeks back.
It is still growing and healthy looking so I planted it in a pot of soil.
Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac gives several steps for rooting.
First, fill container with good potting soil.
Make sure the container has good drainage.
Then take pencil length and pencil diameter cuttings using a sharp knife.
Cut the soil end of the stem at a 45 degree angle.
Remember which end is up because upside down cuttings do not root.
Remove leaves from the bottom half of the cutting and dip the end in rooting hormone.
Shake off the excess.
With your finger or a pencil make a hole in the soil and put the cutting into the hole.
Firm the soil and water lightly.
Keep moist and put in filtered light.
Some people put a clear bottle or bag over the container to create a little greenhouse.
If you would like to grow Christmas gifts for next year, try rooting bougainvillea, ficus, and lantana.
Then train them as they grow into small bonsai.
Another gift idea is to root upright rosemary and trim it into a Christmas tree shape as the year progresses.
Q2: What blooms or fruits in Seguin in December?
My chile pequin has fruit as does my Barbados cherry, my Possumhaw, the yaupon and the Burford holly.
The hamelia and most of my Esperanza is already frozen.
I still have fruit on my satsuma at least until the raccoons find them.
FYI: Your plumaria should be in the garage by now.
My tender bonsai have been moved to a spot on the back porch where they can be covered with an incandescent light giving a little heat.
The satsuma tree is pretty hardy.
It managed down to 19 degrees two years ago without being covered.
November 2019: October 2019: Q1: How do I tell the difference between soapberry trees and chinaberry wheels c5500 blackjack />A1: The monthly had a nice article on the chinaberry tree in August.
It gave a way to tell the difference between the two trees when they both have fruit.
Chinaberry fruit remains opaque during the winter.
Soapberry fruit are translucent.
During the growing season, chinaberry leaves have a lacy look and a musky odor with lavender flowers in the spring.
Soapberry flowers are cream colored.
Chinaberry are certainly invasive and are found in many of our Seguin parks.
The tree was introduced in the middle 1800s from Asia.
The Texas Department of Agriculture will not let the tree be sold, distributed or imported.
Q2: My hackberry trees are starting to split and fall.
How old do they get in this area?
A2: I found one source that said 20 to 30 years.
However, remember that they are weak wooded and you will have broken limbs every time the wind blows.
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center had an interesting hackberry pro and con article on their website.
Two experts debated the merits of the hackberry.
The tree is very tolerant of growing conditions and has a large native range.
It is important for wildlife because the berries are eaten by birds and its leaves are the larval food of butterflies and moths.
On the other hand, they have heavy infestations of mistletoe, every seed sprouts and you will find them in all your beds, and falling limbs and trees cause constant clean up.
I can agree with this.
I have spent much money the last couple of years having broken trees cut down and removed.
Q3: I would like to plant some ornamental grasses in my landscape.
What do you suggest?
A3: My very favorite grass, particularly this time of year, is Gulf or coastal muhly Muhlenbergia capillaris which is a Texas native plant.
It is a short grass, one and a half to two feet tall, and has pink fuzzy seed heads in the fall.
It is absolutely gorgeous when the sun shines through it.
I check my plants and the ones in the Park West pollinator garden frequently to see if they are in bloom yet.
Another favorite grass, also a Texas native, is inland sea oats Chasmanthium latifolium.
This grows to two feet and has ornamental seed heads during the summer and fall.
FYI: It is time for falling leaves again.
Rather than throwing them away, mow them with your mulching mower.
If you just have a few on your lawn, leave them in place.
If you have a lot, gather the mowed leaves and use for mulch in your flower or vegetable beds or put in your mulch pile.
Bags of leaves can also be taken to the nearest community garden.
September 2019: Q1: It is so hot outside, but I know that I should be doing something in the garden.
What has to be done right now?
A1: Late August and September are the best times to plant wildflower seeds.
Flowers that do well here are bluebonnets, black-eyed Susan, Indian blanket or Gaillardia, Indian paintbrush, horse mint, evening primrose, wine cup, Drummond phlox, liatrus, mealy cup sage, coreopsis, and standing cypress.
Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac tells how to get the best planting results.
Lightly till the area where you are going to plant.
Mix your seed mix with sand at 1 part seed to 4 parts sand.
Spread the seed and sand mixture over the area one fourth of a pound of seed per 500 square feet.
Then tamp down the area with your feet or a roller.
Water the seeded area.
If we get rain in September, this is enough watering.
Otherwise, lightly water once a week.
In the spring, do not remove the plants after they bloom.
Leave them till the seeds are dry, no matter how bad they look.
At that point you can cut the plants down and shake out the seeds.
Q2: It is technically fall this month.
When do I fertilize my lawn?
A2: Do not apply fall fertilizer until your Bermuda, St.
Augustine, and zoysia lawns have stopped growing.
Q3: Can I still plant tomatoes?
A3: If you hurry, there still might be time for fruit before the first freeze.
My cherry tomato has started setting fruit again after those cooler nights we had.
Remember that other vegetables can be planted in the fall.
Most of our local gardeners consider their fall garden to be the best one of the year.
Welsh says the cooler temperatures result in less plant stress and better quality and tasting vegetables.
And once the temperature drops a little, there will be less stress on the gardener as well.
Q4: Should we expect to see Monarchs soon?
A4: I have been checking the pollinator garden at Park West.
There has been a sighting at the Wildflower Center in Austin, as well as in San Antonio as I write this.
You can go on the Internet to Monarch Watch and Journey North to check the migration route for yourself.
Make sure your milkweed and other pollinator nectar plants are in good shape.
This includes Blue mistflower, coneflower, liatrus, lantana, goldenrod and Maximilian sunflowers.
I have low birdbaths and all kinds of animals are using them including a small furry one that I have no idea what it is.
August 2019: Q1: When do I do my fall rose pruning?
A1: According to Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac, you should prune your roses back about 25 percent in mid-August.
This generates new growth and more blooms.
When you prune, remove old blooms, diseased rose leaves and any dead wood.
Throw away the diseased leaves.
After you prune, fertilize with nitrogen products.
Welsh suggests one-half pound of urea, or one pound of ammonium sulfate, or four pounds of blood meal to each plant distributed in a circle at the drip line.
Water thoroughly; add at least two inches of mulch.
Your lovely fall roses will be ready to enter in the Guadalupe County Fair in October.
Q2: I have lots of weeds in my lawn.
How can I kill them without hurting the lawn?
Depending on the weeds you have, you can apply a granule that stops grassy weeds from sprouting Sperry suggests Dimension, Halts or Balan or Gallery granules for broad-leafed weeds.
I personally have not tried any of these because mowing seems to be enough for my lawn.
And I love having the little rain lilies sprout.
Q3: I am confused about poison ivy.
I thought it was a vine but someone showed me a short shrub like plant and said that it was poison ivy.
A3: It is often a vine and the vine part looks ropelike with the click at this page rootlets extended to hold the vine to the tree.
Right now, out at our parks, I see lots of poison ivy growing in short upright plants like a trailing shrub or ground cover.
All of these have the three leaflets in each leaf.
Right now the leaves are green but will soon turn yellow or red in the fall which actually looks lovely�lots of fall color!
First, clean the exposed skin with rubbing alcohol.
Second, wash the exposed skin with cold water and no soap soap moves the urushiol compound that is in poison ivy around the body.
Remember that warm water opens the skin pores and causes the poison ivy to spread.
Third and last, take a shower with soap and warm water.
Then wipe your clothes, shoes, and tools down with alcohol and water.
Q4: What should we expect to be blooming right now?
A4: Crape myrtles should be beautiful for another couple of months.
Remember, they are called the 100 day bloomer.
July 2019: Q1: I have small pears on both my Warren and my Kieffer pear trees.
When will they be ripe?
A1:Both Warren and Kieffer pears are Oriental hybrids and are fire-blight tolerant.
Warren ripens in August and Kieffer ripens in late September to October.
These pears are ready to pick when they change from hard to firm which I have never figured out and when they change from green to yellow.
Pick them and ripen at room temperature in a well-ventilated area.
This takes one to two weeks.
After they ripen, refrigerate them.
In fact, that is what I usually do with the pears off of my trees.
So, you ask, why not let them ripen on the tree?
Q2: A Master Gardener came to our garden club and talked about container gardening.
Is there something I can do?
A2: You could set up a drip irrigation system for your pots.
A simpler solution is to use hydrogel or water storing crystals in your pots.
You can buy them at your local nursery read the instructions.
This helps reduce the frequency of you having to water your containers.
I have root-knot nematodes in my yard, so must grow my tomatoes in pots.
I also keep my mint contained so that it will not spread.
Q3: I have deer in my neighborhood.
What plants can I put in that will not be eaten by deer?
A3:Remember that deer will eat almost any forbs depending on drought, availability of food, and whether the plant is young and tender.
Young trees should be protected with fencing.
First thing you should do is walk around your neighborhood and see which plants look good and are uneaten.
Smelly herbs are usually deer resistant.
Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac lists rarely eaten deer proof plants including Texas sage, Texas Mountain Laurel, Carolina jessamine, Santolina, Mealy blue sage, Mexican mint marigold, Periwinkle, Rosemary, and Texas natives.
FYI: It is now time to start your fall vegetable garden.
Tomatoes, eggplants, watermelons, pumpkins, potatoes, and peppers require three months from seed to harvest.
My first freeze last year was November 14 when it was 21 degrees at my house here in Seguin.
So plants would have to have been planted way before August 14 to enable you to have vegetables.
June 2019: Q1: You wrote an article last year about receiving a bat face cuphea plant.
A1: Not only did it survive, but it is four feet across!
They list it as a one-foot by one-foot perennial that likes sun or part shade, and has low to medium water requirements which is a good thing because I never water it.
The plant is heat tolerant but cold tender.
It came through our winter on the south side of my house without a cover and sprouted back in the spring.
The Missouri Botanical Garden site suggests that new plants can be propagated from tip cuttings as well as from seeds.
It attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.
It makes a larger shrub and blooms with orange flowers from summer to fall.
This Cuphea tolerates drought but requires enough water to bloom well.
Q2: Birds are pecking holes in my tomatoes as they ripen.
What can I do?
A2:Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac reminds us that as soon as the bottom of the tomato turns from green to white with a hint of redyou can pick the tomato.
At that point it is fully mature and will ripen indoors.
This is also a useful thing to remember in the fall when a frost is forecast.
My garage is always full of ripening tomatoes in the winter.
Q3: With warm days already here, what are some of the things we can do to conserve water?
A3: First of all, as I mention every month, you should be mulching because mulch reduces moisture evaporation from the soil, reduces weeds, prevents the soil from compacting, and keeps the soil temperature lower.
Another chore that needs doing is for you to weed.
Remember that the weeds in your flower beds and vegetable gardens are actively competing for water.
Third, raise the mowing height on your lawn mower during dry conditions.
Welsh suggests that St.
Augustine grass be mowed at four inches, Bermuda at two inches, and Buffalo at six inches.
A fourth way to conserve water is to not over-fertilize the lawn.
Too much fertilizer generates excess growth that requires more water and more mowing.
Adjust your sprinkler heads.
And lastly, water your lawn and garden between sundown and sunrise.
Wind and temperatures are lower then.
May 2019: Q1: I went on a garden tour recently to look at native plants and spotted a blooming shrub called Rough-leaf Dogwood.
Is this something I would want in my yard?
A1: Rough-leaf dogwood is a shrub or small tree that can grow to sixteen feet.
It blooms with cream colored flowers in April to June, gets one-fourth inch white fruit, and has purple-red fall color.
It does spread from root sprouts so you would need to mow around the tree to keep it from spreading.
The tree is perennial, but does lose its leaves in the winter.
It has low water use, grows in part shade or shade, and is cold tolerant.
This plant is used by wildlife as a nectar source, food berries eaten by birdsand is of special value to native bees.
It is not deer resistant.
Q2: Is it time to plant check this out warm-season annuals?
A2: My sweet smelling stock is almost gone with the seed pods practically dry.
I also am ready for summer annuals.
Other annuals include geranium, marigold, pentas, periwinkle, portulaca, purslane, salvia, and zinnias.
Cosmos, sunflowers, and zinnias are easily grown from seed.
Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac notes that if you plant purslane, remember that it blooms from midmorning until late afternoon.
A lot of our annuals require partial shade, or at least not that full hot Texas summer sun.
Some plants that are more sun tolerant include amaranthus, Bachelor button or gomphrenabutterfly weed, cockscomb, copper plant, cosmos, lantana, morning glory, portulaca, purslane, sunflower, verbena and zinnia.
Q3: I put drip-irrigation in my flower beds.
What else should I be doing to prepare for summer?
A3: Welsh recommends mulching your landscape plantings and vegetable gardens with at least a two-inch layer of mulch.
It conserves water, prevents weeds and cools the soil temperature.
I personally prefer cedar mulch because I like the smell.
This past year I used bags of leaves my neighbor had collected.
Keep a watchful eye on your vegetable and landscape plants.
Remember that the best way to catch insects and diseases is right at the beginning before they really take hold.
For a small garden, hand collection of insects and a bucket of soapy water does work.
Right now is the time to cover your blueberries with bird netting.
Also, make sure you provide water sources for the birds since you are depriving them of blueberries.
A1: First of all, pre-emergent herbicides should be applied in late winter for summer weed control; for winter weed control apply pre-emergent in August or September.
Spring fertilizer, on the other hand, should be applied after your second mowing of the season.
Fall fertilizing should be done after the first frost and the lawn has stopped growth.
Therefore, head blackjack stringing instructions herbicide and fertilizer are applied at different times.
Doug Welsh, in his Texas Garden Almanac, mentions another caution.
Weed-and-feed must be kept out from under tree canopies or in flower beds.
Q2: I want a big fruit tree out in the middle of my back yard.
What can I grow in Seguin?
A2: There are many things to think about when choosing a fruit tree.
The first factor is whether the plant will grow in the soil in your area.
Another factor is whether the plant requires a certain number of chilling hours.
Climate also determines what type of fruits can be grown.
Something else I never thought about when I put in my fruit trees was how much pruning would be required.
Check with your local nursery as to suggested varieties.
The only tree I put in that fruited the next year was my Celeste sugar fig.
Not only did it fruit, but year after year gives large crops with a minimum of effort.
Citrus trees also fruit within one to two years after planting.
However, you are limited to smaller citrus varieties that can be grown in pots and protected during freezes.
Calamondin, satsumas, tangerines, kumquats and lemons are among these varieties.
Satsumas can be grown in the ground.
Mine has been in my back yard since 2014 and has weathered several spells of 19 degree temperature.
Literature says they survive as low as 26, so I must have a good spot.
Pears require four to six years after planting to grow fruit.
Two varieties are recommended for good fruiting as they are self-unfruitful.
Welsh says that the less you prune and fertilize, the more pears you will get.
Cutting down on pruning is definitely a plus.
My favorite pear is the Kieffer.
For other varieties, check with your local nursery.
Personally, I have no luck with either plums or peaches.
My plums get little insects that bore into the fruit.
My peach trees die.
If you really want to grow peaches, check the number of chilling hours required.
These are the number of hours during which temperatures are below 45 degrees F and above 32 degrees F.
Guadalupe County is in the 600 to 700 hour zone.
My suggestion is to check what neighbors near you are growing successfully.
FYI: Be sure to attend Earth Day activities in downtown Seguin April 27.
The Master Gardeners always have plenty of plants and herbs, and the Native Plant Society has many different varieties of native plants.
March 2019: Q1: What is the best time of year to view local wildflowers?
A1: In our area, it is almost https://healthcareinsuranceplan.info/blackjack/can-i-win-at-blackjack-without-counting-cards.html year long.
The talk, sponsored by the Guadalupe Native Plant Society, will learn more here held Saturday, March 16 at the Schertz Civic Center from 9 a.
For more information you can contact 210-289-9997.
Right now, on Meadow Lake Drive, Indian paintbrush, Castilleja indivisa, has just started blooming in amongst the phlox.
Our Texas annual grows six to sixteen inches high with the stems topped by red tipped spikes.
The color on this member of the snapdragon family is on the bracts, not the flower petals which are very inconspicuous.
The blooms should last from March through May.
The roots of the Indian paintbrush will grow until they touch the roots of other plants.
They then penetrate these roots to obtain part of their nutrients.
This probably explains why transplanting paintbrush may kill it.
Paintbrush is an annual that requires a medium amount of blackjack atx 8, sun, and dry soil moisture.
It likes an acidic soil which surprises me since it is growing all around here.
The plant will grow in sandy soils, sandy loam, clay loam, and clay.
The nectar of the flowers attracts hummingbirds and insects.
The plant is a larval host for the Buckeye butterfly.
Q2: There are a lot of flowering vines and shrubs and trees right now.
When should I buy them?
A2: According to Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac, you should buy them right now so that you know what the blooms look like.
He says that color can vary within species and between varieties.
Both the Mexican and Texas redbud trees show examples of these color variations.
Q3: My neighbor has drip irrigation on his vegetable garden and on his shrubs.
What is the benefit of this?
A3: There are a number of benefits according to Welsh.
Plants perform better by producing more vegetables and fruit and flowers.
Plants are healthier because you have less disease and decay from sprinkler splash.
Drip irrigation is easier on the gardener.
Several downsides do occur.
The emitters on the lines can clog although you can buy filters and self-cleaning emitters.
Also rodents can chew on the lines, or you can cut them with your shovel.
Welsh suggests getting a cat for the first problem.
FYI: Several jobs can be done now.
Divide fall-blooming perennials and ornamental grasses.
This will give them time to get established before blooming time.
Cut back the foliage of ornamental grasses when you see the new growth emerging.
February 2019: Q1: I saw a blooming Indian paintbrush in the median of 123.
Does that mean I can plant my annuals now?
As I write this, there is still frost on my porch railings.
Warm season annuals should not be planted until after the danger of killing frost has passed.
Talk to your local nursery person and see what they have available.
I just planted a six pack of maroon poppies.
Many annuals are best planted as transplants, but some can be planted by seed directly into the flower bed with great success, according to Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac.
These annuals are alyssum, bachelor button, cosmos, larkspur, marigold, periwinkle, poppy, sweet pea, sunflower and zinnia.
After the seedlings sprout, you need to thin them out so that they will be sturdy and healthy.
Look at the seed packet to find the recommended spacing between each plant.
Warm season annuals that can usually be bought locally include amaranthus, bachelor button, begonia, cockscomb, coleus, copper plant, cosmos, geranium, impatiens, marigold, Mexican heather, morning glory, nicotiana, petunia, portulaca, purslane, salvia, sunflower, verbena and zinnia.
Many of these make wonderful cut flowers so they serve double duty.
Please print it again because I cannot find the formula.
Multiple the area you want mulched by the desired depth of mulch expressed in feet; then divide that amount by the number of cubic feet in the bag.
The rule of thumb is, always buy more than you think you will need!
So why do we want mulch?
Welsh reminds us that mulching conserves water so that it does not escape through evaporation from the soil.
It reduces soil erosion, keeps soils warmer in winter and cooler in the summer, and it reduces weeds or at least makes it easier to pull them.
And sometimes the mulch itself without any plants makes an eye-catching display.
Q3: When should we prune?
A3: The best time is in winter before the spring growth starts EXCEPT for spring-flowering shrubs, trees and vines.
Prune these after they bloom.
Examples of these are honeysuckle, redbud, spring-blooming climbing and shrub roses like the Lady BanksTexas mountain laurel and wisteria.
Summer blooming shrubs should be pruned in late winter.
This group includes most roses, althea, butterfly bush, and vitex.
Welsh says that pruning shrubs with ornamental berries is difficult because you prune after the berries have dropped or been eaten by birds, but before spring growth begins.
This presents you with a challenge in our area because spring growth starts so early.
If you want a small crape myrtle, buy a miniature 2 to 3 feet or a dwarf 3 to 6 feet.
Do you have suggestions?
A: Now is a great time to catch up on your weeding.
This morning I noticed that my asparagus has not been cut back yet as it should have been after it froze.
Cut yours back and then apply mulch.
Have you planted your flowering bulbs?
Also there is still plenty of winter left to enjoy our cool-season annuals such as calendula, cyclamen, dianthus, Johnny-jump-ups, ornamental kale, pansies, snapdragons, stock and violas.
Add compost to the soil before planting.
If you can find bluebonnet transplants, plant them now.
My wild ones in the yard are already the spelregels holland casino of a transplant.
All of your beds need compost and mulch.
Remember that this dead material provides some insulation for healthy plant tissue, according to Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac.
I always leave my pruning for late February or March.
Remove plant debris dead leaves, flowers, and twigs from your planting beds, particularly under rose bushes.
The debris can harbor pests and diseases.
This sounds opposite to mulching, however I am referring to debris from the plant that had leaf spot or wilt, or dead tomato plants possibly with nematodes.
Now is also the time to transplant those shrubs and trees that you prepared for transplanting a couple of months ago.
New trees can also be planted.
Bare root roses should be planted now.
Is your living Christmas tree still in the house?
Move it outside to a shady location.
After it acclimates for a week, plant it into the landscape.
Mow your lawn to get rid of those winter weeds ryegrass, dandelions, clover, henbit, etc.
The vegetable gardener has plenty to do.
You can sow seed of beets, carrots, English peas, greens, lettuce, radishes, sugar snap and snow peas, and turnips.
Cool season transplants can go in, such as asparagus, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, greens, kohlrabi, onions, and Swiss chard.
Cold tolerant herbs can be planted including chives, cilantro mine has already sprouteddill, fennel, garlic, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage and thyme.
This is a good time of year to look around town and see which plants hold up to a freeze so that you can plan for your future landscaping.
My satsuma came through like a champ.
It had only a few frozen leaves yet it was uncovered and in the middle of the lawn.
Provide water with birdbaths and ground level containers.
Change the water frequently to keep out mosquito larvae.
December 2018: Q1: I am getting older and would really like a low-maintenance landscape.
Do you have suggestions?
A1: As I age, I find that getting on the ground and digging in flower beds does not appeal to me as much.
I took out some overgrown sprawling juniper by my front door fire hazard; also a snake lived in itand replaced it with mulch.
Now if I want seasonal flowers, I just place a pot or two in the middle of the area.
Another area of mulch has a sun dial and a birdbath.
Largish shrubs take the place of many smaller plants.
My flower beds have all been turned into mulched areas.
A Yaupon with three to five trunks and mulch underneath makes a striking accent for the yard.
It also is evergreen with red berries.
Nonnative shrubs that are evergreen stand-alone accents include different types of hollies such as Burford.
Mine is covered in red berries this time of year.
I shear it with hedge trimmers in the spring.
Other shrubs that I am happy with include Esperanza and Hamelia Firebush.
Both freeze pretty much to the ground in the winter.
This is a good thing as you cut all the dead growth back in the spring an easy jobthen have no more maintenance till next spring.
My Cenizo bushes require no maintenance, although I could trim them if I wanted.
So basically, simplify by mulching, expanding your shrub plantings, and putting in interesting pavers winding pathwayswith limestone accent rocks, as well as statuary.
When you do plant, use native plants or well-adapted plants that are meant for Central Texas.
You might consider putting in an irrigation system.
It certainly saves lugging hoses around.
Use common sense and check the soil two inches down with your finger.
Q2: Last year you mentioned buying living Christmas trees but I did not save the article.
What will do well here?
A2: For Central Texas there are seven trees that are adapted to the area, according to Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac.
They include Arizona cypress, Deodar cedar, Eastern red cedar, Eldarica pine, Italian stone pine, Leyland cypress, and Nellie R.
When it is inside, place the tree in the brightest natural light available, and keep the soil moist, not wet or dry.
Check the moisture with your finger daily.
Plant immediately after Christmas.
The root system will grow during the winter and the tree will be all ready for spring.
Decorate your outdoor trees with fruit slices, pine cones covered with peanut butter and bird seed, and strings of natural popcorn no butter or salt and cranberries.
Keep your birdbaths full.
November 2018: Q1: I am getting older and would really like a low-maintenance landscape.
Do you have suggestions?
A1:As I age, I find that getting on the ground and digging in flower beds does not appeal to me as much.
I took out some overgrown sprawling juniper by my front door fire hazard; also a snake lived in itand replaced it with mulch.
Now if I want seasonal flowers, I just place a pot or two in the middle of the area.
Another area of mulch has a sun dial and a birdbath.
Largish shrubs take the place of many smaller plants.
My flower beds have all been turned into mulched areas.
A Yaupon with three to five trunks and mulch underneath makes a striking accent for the yard.
It also is evergreen with red berries.
Nonnative shrubs that are evergreen stand-alone accents include click the following article types of hollies such as Burford.
Mine is covered in red berries this time of year.
I shear it with hedge trimmers in the spring.
Other shrubs that I am happy with include Esperanza and Hamelia Firebush.
Both freeze pretty much to the ground in the winter.
This is a good thing as you cut all the dead growth back in the spring an easy jobthen have no more maintenance till next spring.
My Cenizo bushes require no maintenance, although I could trim them if I wanted.
So basically, simplify by mulching, expanding your shrub plantings, and putting in interesting pavers winding pathwayswith limestone accent rocks, as well as statuary.
When you do plant, use native plants or well-adapted plants that are meant for Central Texas.
You might consider putting in an irrigation system.
It certainly saves lugging hoses around.
Use common sense and check the soil two inches down with your finger.
Q2: Last year you mentioned buying living Christmas trees but I did not save the article.
What will do well here?
A2: For Central Texas there are seven trees that are adapted to the area, according to Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac.
They include Arizona cypress, Deodar cedar, Eastern red cedar, Eldarica pine, Italian stone pine, Leyland cypress, and Nellie R.
When it is inside, place the tree in the brightest natural light available, and keep the soil moist, not wet or dry.
Check the moisture with your finger daily.
Plant immediately after Christmas.
The root system will grow during the winter and the tree will be all ready for spring.
Decorate your outdoor trees with fruit slices, pine cones covered with peanut butter and bird seed, and strings of natural popcorn no butter or salt and cranberries.
Keep your birdbaths full.
October 2018: Q1: When do I fertilize my lawn?
Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac lists October 15 as the fall fertilizer date for Central Texas.
Fertilizers should be high in nitrogen and potassium and have either low or no phosphorus either 2-1-2 or 1-0-1.
Of course, you need to check your own lawn first.
I just received my latest front yard soil test.
It has been 8 years since my last test and phosphorus, potassium, and calcium are still in the high to very high range.
Eight years ago all I needed was three does blackjack secret code work of a pound of nitrogen per 1000 square feet.
Now I need a half pound.
Welsh says that fall fertilization prolongs fall color, increases winter hardiness, and promotes earlier spring green-up.
Q2: What wildflowers are blooming now?
A2: The flowers I look forward to each year are the showy goldenrod or Solidago altissima.
All of mine have made buds and are opening.
Goldenrod is often blamed for hay fever, which is actually caused by ragweed, a plant blooming at the same time.
If you want to see a large field in bloom, look across 123 Bypass from Argent Court.
Red salvia is blooming in my back yard, and if you visit the Park West pollinator garden, you will see red salvia there as well as the blue sage in bloom.
Blooming oxalis is all over my back yard.
Q3: My neighbor has holly with red berries on it in the winter.
What can I buy that will grow here and has berries?
A3: American beautyberry is a must.
It has lovely purple berries.
Of course, Burford holly and Nellie R.
Stevens holly are also pretty showy.
Possumhaw holly drops its leaves, but the berries remain on the shrub which makes it very interesting in the winter landscape.
Yaupon holly Ilex vomitoria is one of my favorites.
I usually cut branches for house decoration.
Q4: You always say not to throw leaves away.
It is that time of year for leaf drop, so what can I do with them?
A4: If you only have a few trees in your yard, mowing with a just click for source mower is the answer.
This way the shredded leaves remain in place and eventually add nutrients to your yard.
I place them in my flower beds all around the house.
Another spot for leaves is in each furrow in between your vegetable rows.
Welsh suggests also using them to till directly into a bed of heavy clay soil or light, sandy soil to add aeration and drainage or to improve water and nutrient holding capacity.
Also add a small amount of nitrogen or manure to aid decomposition.
Do not throw your leaves away.
Check with your local community garden or take them to the Lulac Community Garden at Vaughn and New Braunfels Street.
September 2018: Q1: When is the best time to plant container-grown trees and shrubs?
A1: According to Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac, fall is the perfect time for many reasons.
It is hard to realize that fall is practically here, but as the weather cools, plant stress is reduced.
When container plants are planted in the fall, their root systems have time to adjust to transplanting before the spring growth begins.
Remember that this does not apply to bare-root plants.
Wait until winter and the bare-root plants are dormant.
Then, underground, roots will form, and in the spring new growth will appear.
What kind do well here?
A2: There are many perennials that do well here.
I will list my favorites that have grown nicely for me over the years.
I really like Esperanza or Tecoma stans.
It does grow to four or five feet, but since it freezes every winter is easily manageable.
It blooms all summer and fall with yellow tubular flowers.
Firebush, or Hamelia patens, is another favorite.
This one also has tubular flowers and freezes back in the winter.
I actually like the idea of plants freezing back because it makes them easier to control.
Pavonia or rock rose is a favorite that has lovely pink flowers and is extremely drought tolerant.
Rosemary is a perennial with tiny blue flowers.
I am partial to the upright variety.
The prostrate forms tend to produce roots wherever they touch the ground.
I have one plant that is consuming one of my raised beds.
If you have partial shade, you might want to try columbine.
This lovely plant blooms in the spring with yellow tubular flowers.
The tree that shaded my columbine bed fell, so my plants are now in full sun and not happy.
Another shade perennial that was in the same bed were my sweet violets.
When we get plenty of rain in the winter and early spring, their blooms are simply beautiful.
A fall bloomer is the fall aster with its lovely purple flowers.
To see what a bush looks like when it is not in bloom, visit the Pollinator Garden at Park West.
Q3: Is it time to plant wildflowers?
A3:Late August and September are the best times to plant seed says Doug Welsh.
Make sure you get fresh seeds and plant one-fourth pound per 500 square feet.
I have had good luck planting bluebonnets and larkspur.
Other wildflowers you could plant are black-eyed Susan, Drummond phlox, Gaillardia or Indian blanket, Gayfeather or liatrus, Indian paintbrush, horse mint, mealy cup sage, pink evening primrose, coreopsis, and wine cup.
Please remember that in order to have blooms year after year, you must not remove the dead blooms or plants until all the flowers make seed.
Use a small sign to alert the neighbors that you are not mowing for a reason.
I do have an irrigation system, but wonder if that is enough water.
How much water should trees get?
A1: Aggie-horticulture says that watering which is adequate for lawn grasses growing under trees is not adequate for actively growing trees.
Trees need a deep soaking once a week in the growing season and this should be done just inside and a little beyond the dripline, not at the trunk.
Doug Welsh says the ground should be saturated to more info depth of 8 to 10 inches.
Some years ago my husband took 5 gallon buckets and drilled a quarter inch hole on one side at the bottom.
We placed the buckets under the trees at the drip line and filled each one with water which then trickled out slowly into the ground.
Aggie-horticulture had a really interesting chart on the average weekly water requirements for pecan trees in gallons per tree.
Four to seven year old trees require 224 gallons of water per tree in both July and in August as compared to 56 gallons in April.
Remember that if you have grass or weeds growing around and under your trees, they are taking some of the nutrients and the water.
Remove the grass and replace with mulch.
Q2: Do we need to add calcium to our soil here in Seguin?
A2: This was a question asked to our website and answered by our webmaster Bob Teweles.
Basically, to summarize, he said that our clay soils already have plenty of calcium, and he suggested that the homeowner should get a soil analysis done.
Get a sample bag and instructions from the AgriLife Extension office at 210 East Live Oak.
I had a soil test done eight years ago and was surprised by the results.
The only thing my moderately alkaline soil needed was nitrogen.
It was high or very high in the other nutrients.
I have just sent in another soil sample to see how much the analysis changes if at all.
Most of us need to add organic matter such as compost to the soil.
When you mow, use a mulching mower and leave the clippings.
Mulch your flower beds and the decomposition of the mulch improves the bed underneath.
Q3: Should I be doing something about my roses?
A3: Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac suggests that you begin in the middle of August to prune your roses back about 25 percent.
He also suggests you remove the diseased rose leaves throw them away.
As the plants begin blooming again, continue deadheading as this will extend the blooming season.
Fertilize with a nitrogen product, then water thoroughly and add mulch.
FYI: Keep those birdbaths filled.
Mine empty out every day and always are surrounded by birds.
Hopefully your fall tomatoes are planted.
That first freeze comes all too soon.
July 2018: Q1: My water bill is already high, and the recent rain was barely enough to soak the lawn.
What can I do?
A1:Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac has several suggestions.
He says to increase the lawn-mower mowing height during the summer to decrease blackjack 24/7 water use and to increase drought tolerance.
Suggested heights are two inches for Bermuda, four inches for St.
Augustine, and 6 inches for Buffalo.
Also, you should reduce the rate of fertilizer that is applied to your lawn.
Another of his suggestions may not appeal to you, and that is to let irrigated lawns turn brown where appropriate.
Many lawn areas can be replaced with decks and patios, or groundcovers.
My side yard has large beds with a blackjack bargainer summary plantings and lots and lots of mulch.
Mulch, according to Welsh, is the highest impact, lowest tech water-conserving practice.
In fact, even container-grown plants should be mulched.
Remember to water your lawn and garden between sundown and sunrise.
The wind is lower read article the temperature is lower which helps keep down evaporation.
Q2: I just moved here and was told that July is when we start our fall vegetable garden.
It is so hot!
A2: It is definitely true.
Our first frost date for this area is around November 24.
If you have planted fall tomatoes and peppers, you want them picked and in your house by then.
That said, October 29 last year was 32 degrees.
Plants that require two months from seed to harvest include beets, broccoli, cauliflower, collard greens, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard greens, spinach, Swiss chard, and turnips.
Crops requiring three months from seed to harvest include Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, onions, acorn and butternut squash.
Read your seed packet and figure out when you need to plant.
Our local nurseries already have small transplants of tomatoes, eggplant, and peppers.
This early start will help you reach harvest for the warm season vegetables.
You will probably have to water the transplants every day in this heat, and may have to provide some shade.
Now is a good time to think about drip irrigation for your vegetable garden.
If you have just moved here, you probably are not used to having a fall garden.
In this area, fall gardens have many good things going for them: the crops are maturing as the days get shorter and cooler, so the quality is higher less bitter taste ; rainfall is more frequent in the fall; insect pest populations are declining although you still need to keep an eye on your plants ; and best of all, the weather is much more pleasant for you to be out in the garden.
To keep down the mosquito population, empty your birdbaths when you refill them, although my local animals are thirsty enough that the containers are almost empty every day.
June 2018: Q1: My neighbor has native plants.
The one I really love is called Rock Rose and seems to bloom all the time.
What can you tell me about it?
A1: Pavonia lasiopetala Rock Rose, Rose Mallow, Rose Pavonia is one of my favorites too.
Mine is on the south side of my house and blooms from spring to fall.
This small shrub grows 3 to 6 feet high mine is more like 3 feetis perennial, and has high heat tolerance.
The rose pink flowers look like small hibiscus and open in the morning, then close in late afternoon.
I have used them as cut flowers and a blooming stem lasts for several days.
If you want more plants, seeds can be collected or softwood cuttings taken in the spring.
Both my sources suggest pruning the plant frequently to promote new growth and more flowers.
Rock Rose can also grow in part shade there were several bushes in front of City Hall against the building.
The bush attracts nectar butterflies and moths as well as hummingbirds and bees.
It is moderately deer resistant but you know what that means.
Q2: It is already so hot.
Can any annuals survive our heat?
Marigolds, periwinkle, portulaca or moss rosepurslane, and zinnias do well in our sun and heat.
My gold star esperanza or yellow bells Tecoma stans already has blooms, as does my perennial John Fanick phlox.
Almost all of my salvia are blooming.
Remember that plants that do well in sun and heat still need water.
When you water, fill your bird baths.
All of our garden wildlife need water.
My resident pair of blue jays come in and bathe almost every day, and I know the possums and raccoons use the lowest birdbath because it is always a mess.
Q3: Will the Guadalupe County Master Gardeners have a training class this year?
A3: Yes, they definitely will.
The class in which you can become a Certified Master Gardener will be on Tuesdays, July 31 to November 27, from 12:45 to 4:45 p.
Live Oak, in Seguin.
The cost includes wonderful classroom speakers and a Texas Master Gardener Handbook even after many years in Master Gardeners, I still use my book.
For more information contact Karen Ulrich at 210-422-1594 or.
There is a ten percent discount if tuition is paid by July 15.
May 2018: Q1: I never have any problems with my heritage roses.
However, my miniature rose that grows in a pot on my deck has spots on the leaves.
What is causing this and what can I do?
A1: Now is the time to talk about the Disease Triangle.
According to Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac, diseases occur when three conditions exist at the same time: a susceptible host, a pathogen, and a favorable environment.
The easiest condition to check is the environment.
Have you used click here pesticide or herbicide?
Does your water have a high salt content?
Perhaps you have a combination of these things.
Roses do best in full sun.
Your deck is almost completely shaded by an oak tree.
Try moving the plant into the sun and see what happens then.
Also, remove the spotted leaves head blackjack stringing instructions throw them away.
Wait to see read article the problem is resolved; if not, spray with fungicide.
Q2: Should I worry about aphids on my milkweed?
A2: First, do not spray with insecticide.
Monarch Joint Venture reports that most of the questions that come to them concern aphids.
You will have aphids.
If the infestation is really bad, remove them manually by squishing, then rinse the plants with water.
Before doing this, make sure that you are not also removing Monarch eggs and larvae.
If you are sure there are no eggs or larvae on the plant, then you can spray with soapy water which will kill the aphids.
Rinse with clean water after a day to remove the residue.
However, the safest method is the squishing.
It also helps with aggression.
Q3: Is it time to put in warm-season annuals?
Marigolds, penta, periwinkle, portulaca, https://healthcareinsuranceplan.info/blackjack/to-count-cards-in-blackjack.html, and salvia can all be planted now, as well as amaranthus, bachelor button gomphrenabegonias, cockscomb, coleus, cosmos, geraniums, petunias, sunflowers, and zinnias.
Go by your local nursery and fill up your cart.
Q4: I received a bat faced cuphea plant at a garden club meeting.
What should I know about it?
A4: Bat faced cuphea Cuphea llavea is a native of Mexico and a perennial in this area.
In warmer winters they are evergreen, but deciduous in cooler ones.
The plant can survive temperatures into the 20s.
Cuphea grows to two feet high and spreads to three feet.
Plant in well-drained soil in full sun and do not overwater.
It blooms from late spring to the first frost, and attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.
Q5: Is it too late to mulch?
A5: It is never too late.
In fact, I understand that the city has a new chipper that makes much smaller chips than the old one.
Or, perhaps you have a neighbor that still has leaves on his lawn and will let you have them.
Make sure your fruit trees are mulched and watered.
I have lots of little Kieffer pears, many small satsumas, and a million baby figs that I am keeping a close eye on.
April 2018: Q1: Someone just gave me a Coral Honeysuckle plant.
What should I know about it?
A1:Lonicera sempervirens is a native plant whose flowers please click for source hummingbirds, bees including the bumblebee and butterflies.
The plant itself is a larval host for the Spring Azure butterfly and the Snowberry Clearwing Moth according to Wildflower.
The fruit attracts quail, purple finch, goldfinch, the hermit thrush and the American robin.
This vine is a good climber but not too aggressive, and can grow from 3 to 20 feet.
It is cold tolerant, read more to grow in different types of soils, and requires light, good air circulation, and adequate drainage.
Propagation is by seeds but they require stratification.
Softwood or semi-hardwood cuttings can be made in summer and fall.
The vine can be controlled by pruning after it flowers.
Q2: I want a citrus tree for my yard here in Guadalupe County.
What do you suggest?
A2:You need to buy a satsuma mandarin tree Citrus reticulate.
According to Aggie-horticulture this mandarin orange has superb quality, is nearly seedless, plus the flowers have a wonderful odor.
The best thing about the satsuma is that it is the most cold-hardy of citrus fruits second only to the kumquat.
Mine is planted in the yard and survived 19 degrees this winter without even a brown leaf, although the recommended cold tolerance is only to 26 degrees.
In fact, Extension horticulturist Dr.
Steve George recommends planting in containers that are at least 20 gallons in size.
The plant needs full sun, at least 8 to 10 hours of sun a day.
Q3: How do I get rid of grassburs in my lawn?
He suggests dragging a please click for source bag behind the lawn mower to catch the grassburs so that next year there will be fewer plants.
My husband and I tried this.
We also tried a pre-emergent herbicide.
What did work was going out every morning and digging up each plant.
It took three years, but the only grassburs in my yard now come in with rain water run-off from down the street.
Q4: My neighbor really wants to plant ligustrum as a barrier hedge.
I know you fuss about the fact that ligustrum is very invasive.
What can my neighbor plant instead?
A4: There are several native shrubs that would do well.
Evergreen sumac Rhus virens is a lovely shrub or small tree from 8 to 12 feet in height.
The female plants have flowers and berries.
Lady Bird Wildflower Center notes that it is not a true evergreen.
The leaves stay green during the winter, then drop and are replaced within a week.
Wax Myrtle, Morella cerifera, another nice native shrub, is also called southern bayberry.
It is multi-trunked, evergreen, and usually six to twelve feet in height.
Blue berries are on the female plants in the winter so you could make your own scented candles.
March 2018: Q1: How do I know when spring is here?
I am anxious to start gardening.
Other spring bloomers are Texas redbud, Bradford pear, Texas mountain laurel, and the Lady Banks rose.
If you want to buy a spring flowering shrub for your lawn, now is the time to go to the nursery and see them in bloom.
This way you can be sure that you are buying the color you want.
Q2: How do I know how long to water my lawn?
Place them around your lawn and water until you have one inch of water in the can.
Welsh says that one inch of water will go six inches deep into clay soil and 12 inches deep into a sandy soil.
To avoid having runoff, he suggests letting your irrigation sprinklers go around the property three times.
In other words, if it takes an hour to get one inch on your lawn, water in twenty minute click here three times.
Remember, only water when the lawn needs watering.
Put your finger into the soil.
If the soil is warm or dry, then water.
Q3: Vegetables are in the nurseries already.
Can I plant them now?
A3: I wanted a Rodeo tomato so I bought a six pack early in case they sold out.
I then planted each tomato in a one gallon pot and put them outside in the sun.
If we get another more info, I can just pull them in the house.
Or go ahead and plant your garden now.
You can always cover the plants.
Q4: Is it all right to prune back the freeze damage now?
A4: Prune away all the freeze damage.
I cut my hamelia and Esperanza almost to the ground.
I also cut my Gulf muhly back.
All my roses have been trimmed, and my salvia cut back at least two-thirds.
My holly shrubs still need the hedge trimmer and I need to get more of the yaupon off of my roof.
He again mentioned the importance of using mulch on fruit trees.
My Celeste, my favorite fig of all the ones grown around here, is really prolific and provides enough figs for this web page the neighbors.
Celeste can logically what does soft 17 mean in blackjack the rooted by cuttings.
February 2018: Q1: I have seen people trimming their oak trees.
Is it too early?
What about oak wilt?
A1: It is too late, not early.
Oak trees should have been pruned during the coldest days in midwinter.
Avoid pruning from February through June.
You can also prune during extended hot periods in mid- to late summer according to.
Treat the cut immediately with a wound or latex paint.
Q2: What can I prune now?
Calvin Finch says that peaches, plums and other fruit trees can be pruned in February.
He also says to resist removing your frozen lantanas, salvias, Esperanza, fire bush, Poinciana, duranta, and cape honeysuckle until late February since the frozen cover benefits birds and other wildlife.
Wait before pruning your citrus, Finch adds.
You will be better able to tell which buds and stems will survive and which should be pruned.
My satsuma came through those 19 degree nights fairly well.
I did not cover it, but had the ground heavily mulched.
Q3: There are baby tomato plants in the store already.
Can I plant them now?
There is still plenty of time left for a freeze.
Instead, transplant the little plant into a one gallon container.
Then place it in the sun during the day and bring it in at night or when it drops to the low fifties.
I realize that this is a lot of work, but you will be the first in your neighborhood with fresh tomatoes.
Q4: Can I still grow broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, potatoes, and onions?
A4: Put in transplants now and you will probably get a crop before it gets too hot.
Q5: At the last Native Plant Society meeting I received a small snapdragon vine.
The speaker told us a bit about the plant.
Can you please add more?
A5: Snapdragon vine, Maurandella or Maurandya antirrhiniflora depending whether you use Wildflower.
These include Roving sailor, Violet twining snapdragon, little snapdragon vine and others.
The plant is a member of the figwort family and blooms from March through October.
This very small vine only grows to about ten feet.
Aggie-horticulture thinks it would look really nice next to an entry or garden bench.
Better Homes and Gardens also likes containers but warns that when the vine is planted in a pot, it needs excellent drainage.
The vine is hardy to zone 8, but usually re-seeds itself the following year.
Seed can be gotten from Native American Seeds or from a local gardener.
January 2018: Q1: I am getting ready to put pollinator attracting plants in a full sun section of a public community garden, and I want them to have red and yellow blooms.
Do you have suggestions?
A1: I always like different levels of plants in a pollinator garden.
You could start with a small tree such as a Texas redbud or a Mexican plum.
Yaupon holly, a large shrub if you keep it trimmedcould be added.
Texas lantana Lantana urticoides is one of my favorites.
Flame acanthus blooms summer through fall.
visit web page and Firebush Hamelia patens round out my shrub list.
Then smaller plants could be added, including Black-eyed Susan, Pride of Barbados, Mexican marigold, Cedar sage Salvia roemerianaTropical sage Salvia coccineaZexmenia Wedelia texanaLindheimer senna, Engelmann daisy, goldenrod, and some of the milkweeds, such as Asclepius tuberosa.
One of the main things to remember in a pollinator garden is to use no pesticides.
When you buy your plants at the nursery, ask if they have been treated with pesticides.
This is particularly important for plants that get chewed on as host plants.
Q2: I would like to plant a few rose bushes this spring.
What is your all-time favorite?
A2:Actually, I have two favorites, Katy Road Pink Carefree Beauty and Martha Gonzales.
Katy Road Pink was a found rose that later was discovered to have been introduced in 1977 as Carefree Beauty.
It has pink flowers and grows as if it were an antique rose in other words, disease resistant and easy care.
If you are into jelly making, the rose produces many rosehips.
Martha Gonzales is an antique rose and is very disease tolerant.
It has red blooms from spring to frost.
Cuttings root fairly well.
The main reason I like this bush is that it is very compact, about 3 feet by 3 feet.
Q3: Can I cut back my winter damaged plants now?
A3: Try not to prune freeze-damaged plants because the material provides some insulation for the healthy parts of the plant.
Doug Welsh says to wait till February or March to prune.
You can, however, pull weeds and remove plant debris from your planting areas.
Some of this debris may harbor disease or pests so throw it away and not in your compost pile.
For January, keep your bird baths full for our feathered friends.
And collect all those lovely bags of leaves people are throwing out for your compost pile and the areas under your shrubs where you usually mulch.
My neighbor has been bringing me much appreciated huge bags of leaves!
December 2017: Q1: Can I grow Rose of Sharon in Guadalupe County?
A1:Although that name can apply to several types of plants, around here we know it as an althea, or a Hibiscus syriacus.
This is an introduced deciduous shrub that is a native from China to India.
This member of the hibiscus family blooms from June to October and does grow here in this county.
I have one that always grows to above the edge of my roof each year and must be kept trimmed.
Otherwise it is low maintenance if you like to trimrequires medium water, and attracts butterflies.
When I checked the Missouri Botanical Garden site for invasive locations in the U.
Since I am always finding babies around my plant, you probably need to keep close watch.
Q2: What can I plant along my front sidewalk by the front door that is perennial and blooms?
A2: One of my favorite plants is the dwarf Barbados cherry or Malpighia glabra.
It is not really too dwarf can grow to 9 feetbut if trimmed, makes a perfectly lovely low hedge.
This perennial likes full to partial sun, flowers from spring to fall with pink blooms, and has red berries.
Aggie Horticulture says it has very high heat tolerance and grows in alkaline soil.
The fruit is edible.
Of course, deer, birds, raccoons and coyotes also like the fruit.
My Barbados cherry stays right at five feet without trimming, and, in spite of the fact that it is native to south Texas and parts south, has never frozen.
Barbados cherry has many other common names including wild crape myrtle, acerola, manzanita and xocatatl.
It attracts and is are biggest win in blackjack and larval host to many butterflies including brown banded skipper, white-patched skipper, Florida Duskywing, and cassius blue according to Wildflower.
Assuming he says yes, when can I do this?
This time of year, our growing season is slowing down or is over.
However, dormant woody stems of shrubs, perennials and trees are best rooted right now.
It is important to get the stems well rooted before spring with its first spring growth, and before the heat of summer hits.
Speaking of shrubs, as you think about your spring garden, plan to put in some Texas native plants instead of the exotics that have dominated our landscapes for so long.
Looking at the list, I see that I am growing seven out of the ten.
Now where can I put those other three plants?
November 2017: Q1: I understand that we need to cut our tropical milkweed back.
When should I do this and why?
A1: Tropical milkweed Asclepias curassavica is the milkweed most commonly sold around here.
This Mexican native is blooming right now and, unless we have a freeze, will continue to do so.
So why would we want to cut it back?
There are studies reported by Monarch Joint Venture showing that letting Monarchs breed during the winter instead of flying to Mexico allows greater transmission of the protozoan Ophryocystis elektroscirrha OE.
Consumption of the OE spores could keep Monarchs from emerging from the pupal stage, or even if the Monarch was able to emerge, the butterfly would not be normal but live a shorter click at this page />There are other reasons to not allow winter breeding in our area.
First, of course, is the risk of OE.
Second, larva could eat the plants to the ground and other larval hosts would not be available.
Third, freezes could occur leaving no food or nectar available for the Monarchs like my house at 19 degrees this past January.
If you want to save a plant for the spring, pot up a small one, and bring it indoors.
Or you could make cuttings to get a start on spring.
Q2: What kind of oak is that?
A2: I get this head blackjack stringing instructions quite a bit when I am out on the trail.
Luckily Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center just published a few hints to differentiate between different varieties of Central Texas oaks.
The Bur Oak to me is one of the easiest to identify when it has acorns because they are so big.
It also has the largest leaves of all oaks around here, with deep sinuses between the lobes.
The tree can grow to 100 feet tall.
Leaf lobes on the Blackjack Oak have bristles or points on the tips and the Center adds that the veins resemble a chicken foot.
The bark of the tree is black, especially toward the base of the tree.
The tree is much smaller, growing less than 40 feet.
The White Https://healthcareinsuranceplan.info/blackjack/blackjack-chip-placement.html Oak usually grows in thickets, with trees less than 30 feet tall.
The leaves are small, narrow, with a wavy look to the lobes.
Post Oak leaves often resemble a cross, according to the Center.
Escarpment Live Oaks have dark bark, glossy leaves and tiny acorns.
Q3: What do I do with plumaria for the winter?
A3: AggieHorticulture tells us that plumaria will drop its leaves when temperatures go below 50 degrees and should be stored in a greenhouse or inside for the winter.
Water Garden Gems says to water sparingly near the end of the summer season.
If your plumaria can be moved, dig it up or move the pot indoors.
Water Garden Gems says they dig theirs up and bare root them, then place them in the greenhouse for the winter.
October 2017: Q1: I am really getting tired of my Mexican Feather Grass because it spreads so much.
If you had to choose one grass for me to plant, what would it be and why?
A1: My favorite grass is Gulf or Coastal muhly, particularly this time of year.
There is nothing prettier in the fall than a big bed of Gulf muhly with the sun shining on the pink fuzzy seed heads.
This perennial grass Muhlenbergia capillarisa Texas native, grows from one to three feet tall in many types of soils: sandy, sandy loam, clayey soil and rocky soils.
It likes sun, low to medium water use, and blooms in October.
It is highly deer resistant and can be propagated from seed.
Lady Bird Wildflower Center says to collect the seed in November when please click for source flowers start to click here the pink color by using a comb.
Q2: What can I do with my fallen leaves this fall?
I would like to do better than just throwing them in the trash.
A2: Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac lists four possibilities.
First, simply mow your lawn with a mulching mower leaving the leaves in place.
This is the simplest if you only have a few small trees.
Second, use the leaves to mulch with in vegetable gardens, around flowers and shrubs, and under and around trees.
These leaves can be shredded with a lawn mower first, or can just be used straight.
Third: many vegetable gardeners use leaves in the furrows or walkways between the rows in their garden.
Then the following year, the mulched walkway becomes the plant row.
And fourth, till the leaves into the soil during the fall where they can decompose before you plant in the spring.
I can add a fifth possibility: bring a few bags my way, or take them to one of the many community gardens in our area.
A3: Before the first freeze, pick a cutting or two of basil and put it in a glass of water on your window sill.
It will root and you will have leaves for flavoring all winter.
You could do this with your mint also.
Q4: What can I plant now?
A4:Many cool season crops can be planted now, including beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, collards, lettuce, kale, mustard greens, radishes, spinach, sugar snap pea, Swiss chard, and turnips.
Cool season annuals include Johnny jump ups, pansy, snapdragon, sweet pea, stock and viola.
Calvin Finch lists blue mistflower and lantana as butterfly blooming plants for October.
Also, both my Asclepius tuberosa and my Asclepius curassivica is blooming, along with my patch of goldenrod.
I would like to plant one also, so will you please tell me more about the plant?
A1:I also enjoy the plant.
The berries on mine are beginning to turn purple and are quite striking.
I remembered to water it this summer, so it looks pretty good.
Callicarpa Americana is deciduous, with purple berries in the late summer, fall and winter.
These berries attract cardinals, mockingbirds, and other birds.
The plant is moderately deer resistant, but not in high deer areas.
In fact, my Dwarf Barbados Cherry Malphigia glabra, also called wild crape myrtle is blooming as I write and is covered in honey bees.
It is drought tolerant and is one of my plants that I never water.
Scott notes that it needs to be fenced from deer.
This plant is a perennial although if the temperature gets cold enough, it could freeze.
My outdoor thermometer said 19 degrees this past January, and my plant did fine.
Q2: When is it time to plant https://healthcareinsuranceplan.info/blackjack/calculating-blackjack-payouts.html />A2: If you are planting seed, do it now.
Doug Welsh, in his Texas Garden Almanac, recommends one-fourth pound of seed per school of gaming blackjack square feet.
Till lightly so that the seed will make good contact with the soil.
Tamp in with your feet or a roller.
During the fall and winter keep weeds out of your patch.
Remember next spring to leave the dead blooms and plants until mid-June when all the flowers die before you cut the plants down.
This gives time for the seeds to fall back onto the patch.
Over the winter when it rains you will notice bluebonnet rosettes appearing.
When bluebonnet transplants appear in the local nurseries, remember to plant them so that the crown of the transplant is just above the soil surface.
Q3: When is it time to fertilize my lawn?
A3:Welsh reminds us that we should not apply fall fertilizer until our lawns of Bermuda, St.
Augustine, and zoysia have stopped growing.
This, of course, depends on where you live in Texas.
In some parts of the state, this could be as late as November.
FYI: Calvin Finch reminds us that September bloomers are purple coneflower, vitex, and pentas.
August 2017: Q1: My crape myrtle looked really bad last year.
I had an arborist friend check it head blackjack stringing instructions she agreed with me that it should come out.
I never got around to it, and this year the tree looks great.
A1: Perhaps the nitrogen fertilizer helped, as well as the extra water.
Be thankful, because those trunks on your ten year old crape myrtle are truly beautiful.
Last year I quoted Doug Welsh who said to remove the old blooms on the crape new wwf to prevent setting of seed and to extend the blooming period.
However, in an Express News article some months ago, Neil Sperry says that deadheading will not speed up the formation of additional flower heads.
He says that most crape myrtles bloom at least two times per season, and some of the early flowering ones may bloom up to four times in a season.
Q2: When is rose pruning time?
My bushes look pretty bad.
A2: In mid-August prune your bushes back about twenty-five percent.
Also, fertilize with straight nitrogen.
Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac suggests that these steps will give you a profusion of fall rose blooms.
Q3: We seem to be in at casino blackjack drought situation at my house.
Everything looks really dry.
He suggests laying a slowly running hose on the ground and moving it around the dripline as the area becomes saturated to a depth of eight to ten inches.
I know that tree planting season is September to December, so I want to start thinking about what to plant.
Are there suggested trees for this area?
I personally am growing Monterrey, live oak, red oak, and cedar elm.
Doug Welsh suggests staggering the ages of your planted trees, otherwise they will all grow old and die at the same time.
I am facing this now with my hackberry trees.
Q5: Is it time to plant fall tomatoes?
Remember that tomatoes need 90 days to set fruit.
Pumpkins can be started now.
What is wrong with the calylophus in the Pollinator Garden?
A1: Calylophus berlandieri also called Square-bud primrose or Sundrops has lovely two inch showy, yellow flowers.
The plant is bushy and according to Lady Bird Wildflower Center is an excellent rock garden plant.
Since the plants in the pollinator garden have just been planted, they are still being watered several times a week until they get established.
This is evidently too much water for a plant that likes good drainage and is only watered occasionally under very dry conditions.
I do not water mine at all, and it is in a head blackjack stringing instructions on the south side of my house.
Q2: I am going on vacation.
What can I do about my plants?
Water thoroughly before you leave.
If you have an automatic watering system, or drip irrigation on a timer, you are ready to go.
If you have outside container plants, than you need the good will of a neighbor as the plants will need watering at least every third day.
Group the containers together to make it easier on that neighbor.
Mow before you leave, but do not set the mower blade lower.
Otherwise you will have a scalped and sun scalded lawn.
Just make arrangements with that same neighbor to mow one week later.
If you are able to, weed and mulch before you leave also.
Remember that mulching reduces the soil temperature and helps preserve water in the soil.
If you have houseplants, move them outside in a shady spot where the neighbor can reach them easily when he or she waters your container plants.
Welsh also suggests putting your houseplants in the bathtub and watering heavily.
Since they are together in a very humid area, they probably can last a week.
Personally, I have little margarine containers filled with water under each plant with a cotton wick running from the inside of the pot down into the container.
What plants are deer resistant?
Also, young trees and plants are tender and tasty, whereas some older plants of the same variety are not as attractive.
Normally, most herbs are deer resistant.
Resistant shrubs include agarita, autumn sage, Cenizo, dwarf yaupon, evergreen sumac, juniper, native lantanas, Mexican buckeye, oleander, pomegranate, and wax myrtle.
June 2017: Q1: I want color in my landscape, but I want something that birds and pollinators can use.
What can I plant in my yard?
A1: Color is all over Seguin this spring.
I just went out and looked at my Esperanza Tacoma stans which is in full bloom and covered with bees.
If you want a lovely perennial which blooms from spring to fall, plant this shrub.
It grows from 3 to 5 feet both wide and tall.
The plant does freeze in the winter, but comes back every spring.
Annuals could include periwinkle, cosmos, and marigolds, although there are two schools of thought on marigolds.
One source says marigolds detract bees and other insects; another source says bees really like marigolds.
Autumn blooms from spring through frost, Tropical blooms from late spring to fall, Mealy Blue is a spring and summer bloomer.
Big Blue and Henry Duelberg bloom from September to November.
If you plant all these different varieties of salvia, you will have nectar plants almost all year for butterflies and hummingbirds.
Big Blue attracts our native long-tongued bees and is the host plant for the Hermit Sphinx Moth.
Another plant in the pollinator garden is the Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta which is one of my favorites.
It is blooming now and will keep on till Just click for source />To prolong the blooming period, deadhead the old flowers.
It is a host plant for Silvery Checkerspot and Bordered Patch butterflies, and a nectar plant for the Checkered Skipper.
Q2: I want more birds coming to my yard.
Other than birdfeeders, what can I do?
A2: Birds need food, water, shelter and places for rearing their young.
I have many more birds in my backyard since I added more water sources.
I have four bird baths which I change daily to keep out mosquito larvae.
I also have two waterlily ponds with mosquito fish.
The ponds are behind a fence to keep out the raccoons, and small birds love to perch on the wire before flying down for a drink.
My bird baths are used by many small animals as two of them are on the ground another reason for changing them daily.
I have a pair of blue jays who come in daily to bathe and drink.
In the early evening, dove fly in.
Insecticides should be avoided if possible for both birds and pollinators.
Do not spray with broad-spectrum pesticides.
Q3: My bluebonnets have finished blooming and have set seed.
What should I do now?
A3: Lady Bird Wildflower Center has several suggestions.
Do not fertilize or spray the patch.
Mow to keep the grasses and weeds at bay.
Do not bury your wildflower patch in mulch this goes for all wildflowers.
Most seeds can germinate through a light layer of mulch, but the Center does not recommend mulching areas where you want reseeding.
May 2017: Q1: I was very unhappy with my Indian Hawthorne shrubs click at this page they seemed to have a virus, so I took them all out.
What shrub can I put in their place that will do better here in Seguin?
A1: The Native Plant Society suggests using natives instead of exotics since they do better in our climate, and the following are considered bird and butterfly habitat plants.
If you want a short evergreen shrub, plant dwarf yaupon unibet blackjack forum or dwarf wax myrtle.
For a taller evergreen shrub, you could plant the full size yaupon holly or wax myrtle.
This is also the answer for those of you who still have ligustrum or privet.
Other larger shrubs include Carolina cherry laurel, elderberry, Texas acacia, strawberry bush, Carolina buckthorn, flame leaf sumac, and two viburnums, rusty blackhaw and arrow wood.
Q2: My Bradford pear did not come through the winter very well.
It did not bloom and just looks ratty.
Is there a nice native tree that I could plant that would also bloom in the spring?
A2: There are several.
The Texas redbud is a good looking small tree which many of us have in our yards.
Another 15 to 35 foot tall tree is the Bigtree or Mexican plum.
It has a single trunk, and, according to the Lady Bird Wildflower Center, does not sucker.
In the spring, fragrant white flowers appear before the leaves.
There is one out in a field near Vogel elementary that is really showy every spring.
After the flowers, the tree has edible plums which ripen from Https://healthcareinsuranceplan.info/blackjack/blackjack-programming-tutorials.html through September.
The Mexican plum is a perennial deciduous tree with a low water requirement and can be grown in sun or part shade.
It is cold tolerant and puts up with most soils sandy, clay, limestone based.
The tree is a larval host for the Tiger Swallowtail butterfly and for Cecropia moths.
It is of special value to native bees.
Sadly enough, it is not deer resistant.
Q3: A lady at the grocery store gave me a recipe for homemade insecticide.
She said it was very effective in killing insects on her plants.
What do you think?
Remember, nicotine is natural, yet is highly toxic.
I thought I would cough forever when I accidently inhaled a pepper spray someone had worked up as a garden spray.
There are many natural pesticides available that are safer for you to use.
I have dragons blackjack den teller update fortune Neem oil, Spinosad, and Orange oil in the past, as well as insecticidal soap sprays.
Remember that with anything you use, read the label, wear gloves, and wear a mask if you are apprehensive about inhaling the mist.
April 2017: Q1: Is there an organic method to kill fire ants?
A1: According to Doug Welsh in his Texas Garden Almanac, yes, there is.
He says that for a two-step program that uses only organic products, one should broadcast spinosad bait, and then treat the individual mounds with products containing d-limonene, pyrethrins, rotenone, or spinosad.
A2: Grass requires sun.
Augustine is the most shade-tolerant turf grass.
If you are going to grow a groundcover, be careful not to damage the root system of the tree.
More than six inches of soil added under the tree can smother tree roots.
Q3: I have fertilized my lawn.
Now how high should I keep the lawn?
A3: Mowing height depends on the type of grass you have.
Common Bermuda can be kept one to three inches high, while St.
Augustine grass should be three to four inches high.
Some of my friends have Buffalo grass which can be five to six inches tall.
Please use a mulching mower and leave your grass clippings in place to provide nutrients to the soil.
Remember that mowing height affects how deep roots grow.
Welsh reminds us that taller grass-growing heights develop root systems that withstand drought better.
Q4: What herbs can I grow now?
A4: Many herbs can be started from seed, and many are available in four-inch pots at the nursery.
Basil is an easily grown herb that likes warmer temperatures.
Several varieties can be found locally.
Dill is a lovely annual that is easily grown from seed.
Once you have dill in your garden, it will usually come up every year.
Many types of mint are available.
Parsley is a pretty herb and is a biennial.
She suggests planting annually.
Oregano is a perennial herb that likes morning sun.
Sage and thyme grow well for me.
In fact, these herbs along with purple coneflower and goldenrod fill one bed.
Rosemary can be found as an upright shrub, or as a trailing one.
It is ornamental as well as extremely useful as a seasoning or as a sachet.
Sweet bay laurel can grow eight to fifteen feet tall, although could freeze if the temperature dips too low for over twelve hours.
Mine had no ill effects from the 19 degrees we had here in January.
Two herbs, both perennial around here, grow in many local gardens.


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