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None of the Russian history experts we contacted knew for certain that the Russians played Russian roulette. But they didn't rule it out. Click to Play!

Russian roulette is a game where one or more participants aim a partly loaded revolver at their heads and pull the trigger. It is believed that it has emerged from Tsarist Russia, during the 18th and 19th Centuries and It made its first public appearance in a short story by George Surdez. Click to Play!

Whenever I finish a book like Russian Roulette, I ask myself the same.. of this history, including the extremely strange role of Deutsche Bank, ... Click to Play!

Adolescent Russian roulette deaths.. Few studies have looked at deaths by Russian roulette, the victims, and. No victim had a previous psychiatric history. Click to Play!

The Man who Invented Russian Roulette - The Forgotten Life of Georges Surdez ARTICLE Bright Review

... in the fatal shooting of a female colleague while playing a variation of Russian roulette had a history of forcing other women to also play the...
Russian roulette definition is - an act of bravado consisting of spinning the cylinder of a revolver loaded with one cartridge, pointing the muzzle at one's own ...
There are many versions now. Some of them are here. In the XIX century, Russian prisoners were forced to play Russian roulette, while guards bet on the death ...


What is the origin of Russian roulette? - Quora The history of russian roulette

Email [email protected] and put “Russian Roulette” in the subject line.. episode of its history; and the state (and politics) of scholarship on Soviet collectivization.
yielded data on 1 9 men and one woman who died playing. Russian roulette.. history of drug and alcohol abuse. (Am J Psychiatry. 1987;. 144:563-567).
'It reads like fiction, but it is, astonishingly, history' The Times. Russian Roulette tells the story of the first global plot and the British spies who were sent to thwart ...

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the history of russian roulette
However, despite other mentions of the officer's outrageous behavior and suicidal tendencies by playing Russian roulette-like games, history experts still argue ...
There are many versions now. Some of them are here. In the XIX century, Russian prisoners were forced to play Russian roulette, while guards bet on the death ...

the history of russian roulette Reddit - AskHistorians - Russian roulette - what is the origin?
Has it actually been played?
Are there testimonials from survivors?
One of the first mentions of Russian Roulette in literature was in a 1840 novel by Russian poet Lermontov "Hero of Our Time" Full ebook available onscene is in the last chapter of the book.
EDIT: I did some additional research and found some obscure references in a biography of Russian general Mihail Skobelev russian only, Google Books linkunsure if it was ever translatedwho lived 1843—1882 and was famous due to his service in one of many Russian-Turkish wars in 1870-s.
The books mentions that Skobelev was aware of the risky game his officers played, unofficially approved it as a display of valor and bravery, but was forced to punish it severely due to special order from Emperor Alexander II by demoting involved officers to common soldiers officers were mostly nobility, soldiers were mostly peasants, so this demotion would be quite shameful.
Book fails to reference any sources though, and I also was unable to find any traces of such law or order.
But if those facts are true, it all fits quite well.
Early 1800s during Lermontov time the Roulette appeared among officers on Caucasus note that Lermontov describes the game, but never actually calls it Russian Roulettelate in 1870s it is well known, has its official name "the Roulette" and is popular enough to requite special actions from Emperor and generals to stop its spread among officers.
This is interesting, however, I would not call what happened in the book "Russian Roulette".
Specifically because what happened involved an older flintlock pistol, rather than the commonly accepted revolver.
The officer took a gamble and it happened to not fire because, as they speculate, the flash powder was wet or the pan was obstructed.
This is a bit different from the commonly accepted method of the game, as defined by Merriam-Webster: russian roulette noun - an act of bravado consisting of spinning the cylinder of a revolver loaded with one cartridge, pointing the muzzle at one's own head, and pulling the trigger source: From the book in question: A new bet was made.
I was beginning to get tired of it all.
We were all petrified.
Pechorin," he added, "take a card and throw it up in the air.
All held their breath.
With eyes full of terror and a certain vague curiosity they glanced rapidly from the pistol to the fateful ace, which slowly descended, quivering in the air.
At the moment it touched the table Vulich pulled the trigger.
He cocked the pistol again, and took aim at a forage-cap which was hanging above the window.
A shot rang out.
Smoke filled the room; when it cleared away, the forage-cap was taken down.
It had been shot right through the centre, and the bullet was deeply embedded in the wall.
For two or three minutes no one was able to utter a word.
Very quietly Vulich poured my ducats of the seas reviews the major's purse into his own.
Discussions arose as to why the pistol had not gone off the first time.
Some maintained that probably the pan had been obstructed; others whispered that the powder had been damp the first time, and that, afterwards, Vulich had sprinkled some fresh powder on it; but I maintained that the last supposition was wrong, because I had not once taken my eyes off the pistol.
It may makes more sense with a revolver, but hardly disqualifies this from being a game of gambling with suicide by shooting onesself in the head.
Just because it was later popularized as a game with a revolver does not mean this is not an early instance of it.
I don't think fictional characters involved would care much whether they died from a revolver or a flintlock.
I disagree, for this reason: Flintlocks, while not exactly reliable by today's standards, fired more often than not.
This would not be a gambling game of "I have a 1 in 6 chance of dying" but rather "I have less than a 50% chance of living".
Russian "Roulette" with a flintlock pistol would be almost certain death.
This is why just click for source compatriots were so amazed he was not dead after putting a loaded weapon to his head and pulling the trigger.
They all expected him to die.
As always, There are no "rules" of Russian Roulette, because it has always been a rumor, a legend about reckless officers of the Tzar times playing some game with death.
So it's not a game as such, it's a concept, quite popular in classic Russian literature.
It is a part of an image of a dashing and reckless officer, who just doesn't please click for source about his life or his future.
In fact, Pechorin from the above mentioned novel is such a man himself.
Vulich is like his mirror image, only less deep and slightly distorted.
Anyway jokes are not allowed here, don't do it again.
I've re-checked the novel, you are right, it is not the Russian Roulette in its classic form.
But I believe it can still fit as the description of something which could be the origin of the real Roulette again, if we take the novel, which was a work of fiction anyway, as a valid source - something which evolved from an inefficient way of suicide into a risky and stupid game.
That's right, as I commented above: There are no "rules" of Russian Roulette, because it has always been a rumor, a legend about reckless officers of the Tzar times playing some game with death.
So it's not a game as such, it's a concept, quite popular in classic Russian literature.
Being an officer, Lermontov knew better what suicide game may have been played in the army, so we can see that novel as an instance.
They don't actually the history of russian roulette "Russian Roulette" in Lermontov's great book.
Instead they bet if a pistol is loaded or not.
Real russian roulette requieres a revolver; which were mere prototypes when Lermontov wrote the book in 1837-40.
Relevant quote: Without a word Vulich went into the major's bedroom, and we followed him.
He went up to the wall on which the major's weapons were hanging, and took down at random one of the pistols—of which there were several of different calibres.
We were still in the dark as to what he meant to do.
But, when he cocked the pistol and sprinkled powder in the pan, several of the officers, crying out in spite of themselves, seized him by the arms.
So it's not a game as such, it's a concept, quite popular in classic Russian literature.
Being an officer, Lermontov knew better what suicide game may have been played in the army, so we can see that novel as an instance.
So the the history of russian roulette for playing the game was to show "Valor and Bravery?
How often was money involved?
Was it as popular among the common soldiers as it was among the officers?
How about outside the military?
Sorry for all the questions, but this is an interesting topic.
It is quite hard to explain motivation without the entire context of XIX century in Russia.
Since it was the golden age of Russian literature you can really get the "feel" of the age from the books of that time, and boat the casino big m Roulette fits that context very well.
The best attempt to explain motivation I can do is with the russian term "гусарство" hussar-ism, behaving like a hussar which meant brave, reckless, bold and stupid behaviour, putting yourself and others in risk just for show off.
lords of the rings slots himself the general I mentioned in my click to see more comment was known and loved for that kind of behaviour - his biography mentions that he used to sit on the white horse in front of the enemy lines, drinking champagne and ignoring the danger.
In addition, the concept of "nihilism" was quite popular among educated noble youth as an opposition to the general orthodox religious public - life is meaningless, religion and morals are false etc.
So imagine yourself being a young, moody and brooding Russian noble with great western education, speaking several languages, familiar with European values and literature, English democracy, French revolution etc sitting in a middle of vast, mostly uneducated, illiterate agrarian country, fighting in constant wars, wishing to see some changes in Russian society for example, serfdom, Russian almost-slavery for peasants, was abolished only in 1861, more than 30 years after Lermontov!
So yeah, being all that and being nihilistic in general it would make a lot of sence to show off, display your indifference towards death, play with danger, be "cool".
Also, young noble girls would probably be all over such a hussar.
How often was money involved?
Money and debt were considered shameful, playing Roulette - glorious, so I don't really think and don't remember reading anything about they often connected.
Suicide due to shame of debt was common, playing Roulette for money - probably not, except for the motivation "money is nothing, it is dirt, but life is pointless and even less valuable, so if you want - I can easily risk it for a small bet just because I don't care and I am that cool".
Was it as popular among the common soldiers as it was among the officers?
Common soldiers were drafted among peasants for 25 years service term.
They didn't give a damn about valor, glory and showing off, they had only a slight hope of surviving those years and coming back to the family.
The gap between soldiers peasants and officers nobility was extremely big.
How about outside the military?
Russian nobility and military were closely intertwined, almost all noble families had children in service.
Anyway, the Roulette was an extreme sport, mostly for young and stupid officers.
Duels also outlawed were ratehr common among military and non-military nobility, but the Roulette wasn't.
Your explanation is very good, but I would object about nihilism in Russia: it became popular in the 1860s The concept may stem from a story in Collier's in 1937, per the Oxford English Dictionary, G.
Surdez in Collier's 30 Jan.
A search of the New York Times turned up dozens of references prior to the 1960s 65 between 1942-1959 in factmost of which are death notices involving young men to have been killed in the U.
Interestingly, the first of these explains the term by noting it was "said to have been practiced in the army of the Czar" while the second speculates that it "originated in the movies.
Is there any possibility the 'Russian' part of the name was intended as an insult rather than a belief that Russians actually did this -- the idea being that it's the sort of roulette check this out those dumb Russians would play?
Is there any possibility the 'Russian' part of the name was intended as an insult rather than a belief that Russians actually did this -- the idea being that it's the sort of roulette only those dumb Russians would play?
I suppose that is possible, but that's certainly not the way the term functions in any of the New York Times stories I skimmed.
After the two in the 1940s, they stopped putting it in link which implies that readers should know what it referred to.
I didn't look at all 65 stories but my guess is that the term the history of russian roulette into the vernacular by the 1950s and no longer required definition.
Now that I'm home from work I ran a few more searches, with similar results.
The second, an actual shooting, explains the term in detail but does not address its origins.
This is from 1953, suggesting that readers of the Times might not have been assumed to know the term, while the U.
The fact that there are no citations at all prior to 1937 suggests it was not widely known before then, even if the practice dates back further elsewhere.
It's also just plan sad to see so many dead kids as a result of this game.
Of course "Russian Roulette" became popularized in the late 1970s after the release of Michael Cimino's Oscar Winning Film "The Deer Hunter".
In the film American prisoners of war are forced to play the game while their North Vietnamese captors bet on the outcomes.
I believe Cimino made it clear in later interviews I will try to find a source that the scenes were to be taken metaphorically; indicative of the impossible state these prisoners found themselves in.
And there were no true reports of prisoners of war being forced to play Russian Roulette.
But this did not stop many people typically kids from playing the game themselves.
It's an excellent, long article.
And there were no true reports of prisoners of war being forced to play Russian Roulette.
Interestingly, this story from the Korean War does claim just that: an English officer was captured by the North Korean Army and subjected to Russian roulette by his captors in an attempt to make him divulge information.
In other words, consistently one of the finest newspapers in America of the last hundred years.
EDIT: Plus, I offered the link for the factual, verifiable info it presented; though I thought it's exploration of the issue was thoughtful and interesting.
It was in no way meant as a loaded question - not being American, I was simply unaware about that newspaper.
I was under the impression that the Christian Science Monitor was started by the church, https://healthcareinsuranceplan.info/the/information-the-boardwalk-casino.html because of a promise to the founder, forced to keep their name.
My quick perusal of that font of accuracy that is wikipedia shows that it was founded by Mary Baker Eddy founder of the church in 1908, and apparently was specifically devised not to be religious in nature other than a religious-themed editorial in each issue.
Apparently it adopted the factual and non-sensationalist approach as a specific response to the scandal sheets like Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and how the covered her new religion.
To me, it speaks highly of Eddy in the regard the history of russian roulette rather than create a paper that just became a mirror of Pulitzer's and attacking him, she chose the high road of quality journalism.
And it's also funny that the it was created in response to Joseph Pulitzer, and went on to win seven awards named after him.
I had the same question.
Remarkably the newspaper itself appears to be completely unaffected by the religious founders and owners.
It appears they actually managed to create a space for legitimate news as a public service.
This page has their official stance: From what I've heard: Fairly.
Everything with a grain of salt, of course, and every rule has exceptions, but it has a very strong reputation amongst both religious and non-religious readers.
The CSM is a peer reviewed publication?
It's a newspaper, and a fairly well-regarded one.
Don't expect any academic rigour beyond whatever safeguards journalists normally take with their stories.
And as with all newspapers, be careful when reading anything that is close to the ideological interests of it's ownership which is the First Church of Christ ; you'd expect the Christian Science Monitor to show more bias in it's reportage on subjects like religion and healthcare.
It was a late night in 1985.
You just pull the trigger.
And everything went fine so there was nothing more to it.
Says Andersson and continues.
But I would never redo it.
Malcolm X claimed to have played a game of Russian Roulette in his lifetime in hisbut the he had palmed the round, ensuring his safety.
Great book, I would recommend this to anyone looking for an up-close take on a very interesting man.
check this out, there is no mention of any affiliation with the Black Panther Party.
Thanks for posting this.
I wonder if this is the true test of Russian roulette--not luck, but slight of hand.
If you're looking for references of it actually being used I can suggest the book Can't Stop, Won't Stop by Jeff Chang which describes the beginning of the Hip Hop culture in Bronx and other New York suburbs in the 60's and 70's.
In the book he has gathered testimonials of gangs at the time with a lot of information about their perspective of what they experienced mostly as a result of the building of the Cross-Bronx Expressway.
Some of the testimonials include former gang members' recollecting their initiation rites; some which included, among other things, performing a russian roulette.
Since there was a question about testimonials from survivors: It's too recent to qualify as "history", but in June of 2014 the click at this page Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery published a case study of a 20-year-old Albanian man who had survived a through-and-through gunshot wound to the head from a.
The article indicates that the authors were able to find only one other published case study involving a survivor of a Russian Roulette-related gunshot wound to the head: an Italian man whose case was described in that same publication in 2009.
A citation for that piece is provided at the end of the article.
I mention this article and its conclusion in order to provide an explanation for the apparent lack of cases falling outside the 20-year window that defines eligibility for this subreddit.
The article can be read.
Please bear in mind, however, that it includes some extremely graphic images of pre-surgery facial injuries, and as such is NSFW unless, of course, you work in reconstructive surgery or a similar field.
Well, according to his own book "Monster", Sanyika Shakur a.
The problem is, of course, there's no one to verify that part of his story but him, and according to contemporary LA Crips, he seriously embellished his past.
Then we'd kindly ask you to refrain from posting in this subreddit if this is all you can contribute.
Not that I'm up on my rule and regulation for official Russian Roulette game play; but aren't you supposed to spin the chamber after every try?
So there will always be a one in six chance of killing yourself?
It would seem odd, for instance, to have, say, six people playing the game and the first five survive.
For the last person it kind of stops being a game at that point.
The characters in question were using 3 rounds and there was a bullet in one of them?
I think we're running into an ambiguity in terms here, as well as perhaps a basic lack of knowledge about the parts and functionality of a revolver.
Regardless, it sounds like it was about to get to the point where you're gonna need more paper towels.
Rounds as in how many times the gun was handed each person.
Gun went around the table twice.
Third time around the table when they decided to shop's the bullet was in the position to be fired.


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This examination of Russia's nuclear arsenal includes the story of missing Russian nuclear suitcases, the dangers of Russia's eroded nuclear command and ...


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